What to Know About Chickenpox and its Treatment?
Virus infections are as common as bacterial infections. With this said, one of the many conditions of virus infections is the disease known as the Chickenpox.
Chickenpox is also known as varicella, which is considered as a highly contagious infection that is caused by the virus named as varicella-zoster virus.
For most people that have already experienced this disease, a person that has Chickenpox mostly recovers within one to two weeks, although it could get really uncomfortable.
The blister-like rash of the Chickenpox first appears on the face and trunk, then spreads throughout the body. Although this one is not life-threatening, the complications are still present.
In today’s article, let us talk about the things that you need to know about Chickenpox and what are the things that you can do about it.
What is Chickenpox?
Chickenpox is a type of viral infection that is very contagious that is primarily caused by the varicella-zoster virus. This disease mainly affects children, but the adults are not an exemption.
The common knowledge about Chickenpox is that it is a super-itchy skin rash with red blisters all over the affected parts.
With this said, the blisters pop and would start to leak after over the course of several days. After that, it would then crust and scab over before fully healing.
The symptoms of this disease might appear within ten to twenty-one days after you have been in contact with the infection (someone who has the virus).
People that have been infected with the said virus recover mostly in about two weeks.
Who is at risk of getting the Chickenpox?
Individuals that are at risk in getting the said disease are mostly children that are under age twoꟷ which they are classified as the most vulnerable age for Chickenpox.
In fact, there is 90 percent of all cases that occurs in young children.
However, this does not mean to say that older children and adults are an exemption in developing Chickenpox.
Additionally, you are more at risk for Chickenpox if you have not yet had the virus before, you have not been vaccinated for it, you are working in a school or childcare facility, or you are living with children.
Notice that you are more at risk when you are surrounded by children. This is because children are suitable carriers for Chickenpox, which then would likely spread to other individuals eventually.
How is Chickenpox Spread?
Chickenpox is easily spread by breathing in the particles which came from chickenpox blisters or through touching something wherein the particles landed.
With this said, Chickenpox is most contagious from 1 to 2 days before the rash happens, and eventually, all blisters are dried and crusted.
Now, the best way to prevent the virus from spreading is to get vaccinated, also called a varicella vaccine. For the children who never had chickenpox should get two shots of the vaccine. The first shot should be around 12 to 15 months of age, and the second shot should be between ages 4 and 6.
Children over 13 years of age and have never been vaccinated should get two shots as well for within at least 28 days apart.
Acyclovir as Treatment
This drug is used as a medication to treat infections that are caused by certain viruses. It basically treats cold sores around the mouth which is caused by herpes simplex, chickenpox, or shingles.
Additionally, this medication is also used to treat the outbreaks of genital herpes. For the people with frequent outbreaks, the acyclovir is used to help reduce your series of future episodes.
Acyclovir is an antiviral drug which can be bought at local pharmacies with an acyclovir coupon. With this said, this antiviral drug is not a cure for all of the infections. Because of this, the viruses that cause the infections continue to live inside a person’s body even between the outbreaks.
However, the medication decreases the infection’s severity and length of the outbreak. Not only that, but acyclovir helps keep the sores heal faster and prevent it from forming new sores, which decreases itching and pain.
Lastly, this medication also helps in reducing the length of the pain after the healing of the remaining sores.
Additionally, acyclovir decreases the risk of the virus spreading from one part of the body to another and caused serious infections due to a weakened immune system.
Precaution When Taking Acyclovir
If you and your doctor decide on acyclovir as your medication, then you should inform the healthcare provider whether you are allergic to it or to valacyclovir.
Or if you have any other allergies since the drug may have inactive ingredients that cause allergic reactions or other health complication problems.
Also, you should tell your doctor about your medical history.
For instance, you have a history of kidney problems, conditions that are related to the weakened immune system such as bone marrow transplant, kidney transplant, and HIV disease.
Lastly, this drug can make you really dizzy or drowsy, although rarely. Thus, you should not do any activities that require full attention and clear vision such as driving, using machinery, or any other activities that need alertness.