Do you have any health issues like neck and back pain? Do you need to recover from a serious injury? Do you need to encourage your joints and nervous system to work better?

Well, in all those cases, you can really benefit from physiotherapy. But what is it exactly? Everything you ever needed to know about physiotherapy you can find below. 

What is it?

Physiotherapy is a treatment and prevention method that uses the science of movement as its model. It focuses on restoration, maintenance and maximizing of the physical strength, mobility, and general health.

People who provide physiotherapy are called physiotherapists. Their role in treatment is to perform rehabilitation, promote health, prevent injury and provide treatment for the injury.

Most physiotherapists use their hands as a primary tool in diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of injury, illness or disability. 

Qualifications needed

All licenses physiotherapists have a master’s degree in physiotherapy and meet national standards when it comes to their practice.

Every physiotherapist has to pass the competency exam in order to be registered with the college of physiotherapists in their area before they start practicing physiotherapy.

In order to become a respected member of the profession, you need to have skills in identifying the cause of an injury as well as be effective when treating the injury.

Most physiotherapists practice their profession in private clinics, but they can work in many different environments like fitness clubs, health centers, hospitals, assisted-living centers, schools, workplaces and even choose to make home visits. 

What to expect

A good physiotherapist will explore your needs and abilities and find the best course of treatment.

When you come to your appointment, expect to answer some questions about your medical history so that your physiotherapist can assess your condition.

You two will also set various goals for your treatment and practice prescribed exercises if needed. 

What can be treated?

A licensed physiotherapist can handle both prevention and rehabilitation of their patients. The course of treatment will depend on the injury, disease or disability.

For instance, some of the issues that can be fixed or improved with physiotherapy are neck and back pain caused by muscle and skeleton issues, diseases of the bones, joints, muscles and ligaments like arthritis and effects of amputation as well as some less obvious issues like asthma, disability caused by heart issues and pelvic issues like bladder and bowel issues.

You can even find amazing physiotherapy in Hong Kong that addresses pre-natal and post-natal physiotherapy. This therapy can ease all sorts of pain for expecting mothers and allow them to have a pain-free and happy pregnancy and recovery.  

People who experience the loss of mobility due to trauma to the brain or spine can also seek help with physiotherapists, as well as people suffering from Parkinson’s disease and MS.

In certain cases, fatigue, pain, swelling and loss of muscle strength during cancer treatment can also be relieved by physiotherapy. 

Techniques used

A good physiotherapist has a whole palette of different techniques to suit your specific injury and needs.

In most cases, you can expect manual manipulation where your therapist will take your joints and your soft tissues and manipulate it in order to relax muscles, improve circulation and drain fluids.

In some cases, you will get certain exercises to perform in order to improve strength and mobility. There’s also electric nerve stimulation that involves light electrical impulses shot into your body to promote healing and blocking of pain.

Acupuncture is also involved in some cases in purposes of nervous system stimulation and pain reduction. Before you receive any treatment, expect easy functional testing that will assess your physical abilities.

Some physiotherapists even prescribe supportive, protective and adaptive devices and equipment if there’s a need for such additions to the therapy. 

How does it help?

The human body feels best when moving and when our muscles work, joints bend and hear pumps faster. These movements all boost muscle strength, improve joint mobility, boost blood circulation and allow better healing.

While it’s very important to let your body rest and heal when we’re injured or unwell, resting too much can worsen the symptoms and prolong recovery. It also leads to joint stiffness, muscle atrophy, impaired blood circulation, and poor breathing.

When you book a session with your physiotherapist, you can expect them to manipulate your body in ways that will make your muscles contract and relax, your joints stretch and your blood rush through your body.

All of that promotes healing, strengthens the body and relieves pain. 

Other treatment

In many cases, physiotherapists don’t work alone. They closely cooperate with other healthcare providers in order to give their patients the best care and best results.

Your general physician may recommend physiotherapy in case you exhibit any issues after an injury or surgery.

Other treatment besides body manipulation can include the creation of a personalized exercise plan designed to improve movement and function and relieve pain between sessions.

Massages and hot and cold compresses can also be used to relieve pain, reduce swelling and inflammation, speed up healing and improve movement. 

When should I consider physiotherapy?

If you have any sort of injury or chronic pain that affects your everyday life and causes you pain, you can book a session with a good physiotherapist.

People who have issues recovering from surgery (especially hip replacement and similar) and people recovering from a stroke and heart attack might also feel free to consider physical therapy.

Athletes who worry about injuries and want something that will prevent them might also benefit from this healing program.

In some cases, people’s health insurance can cover the costs of physiotherapy. If you want to see whether you’re eligible for monetary compensation, check with your insurance company and ask all questions.

If your insurance doesn’t cover physical therapy, you will need to cover the costs on your own. But, if you find the right experts, you will discover that the prices of treatments are very reasonable. 

Now that you know what physiotherapy is, what it involves and who it can help, you’re free to book your first session. People often feel instant relief when in hands of a good physiotherapist so don’t hesitate to try it.

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